Androgenetic alopecia can affect people of any gender and age. Androgenetic alopecia can cause baldness in a person. Generally, due to androgenetic alopecia, men start becoming bald even at the age of 20 years. At the same time, due to this, women can start noticing baldness by the age of 40 or 50. The causes of androgenetic alopecia are as follows –

Dihydrotestosterone (DHT)

DHT i.e. Dihydrotestosterone comes from the male sex hormone testosterone. Dihydrotestosterone attacks the hair follicles. Due to this hair fall starts and hair growth stops. Men have higher levels of testosterone than women. Therefore, androgenetic alopecia is believed to be more common in men. Because of this, men may have to suffer from baldness at an early age.

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In most cases, the cause of androgenetic alopecia is genetic. If someone’s parents have this type of baldness, then it can also be seen in the child. Not only this but if any other member of the household also has androgenetic alopecia, then this problem can happen to anyone in the family. In such a situation, this type of baldness can be avoided with a good diet and care in advance.

(Read More – Hair fall reasons)

Medical condition

The problem of androgenetic alopecia in men can also be related to many medical conditions. Medical conditions such as prostate cancerdiabetesobesityhigh blood pressure, and coronary heart disease can cause androgenetic alopecia.

Like men, some medical conditions can also cause baldness in women. The most common of these is polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). A woman who is struggling with PCOS may feel the symptoms of androgenetic alopecia. Being overweight, irregular menstruation, and acne are symptoms of PCOS.

(Read More – What Causes Hair Loss in Women)


Many researchers believe that many genes also play an important role in androgenetic alopecia. The researchers found variation only in the AR gene. The AR gene gives instructions for making a protein called the androgen receptor. Whereas, androgen receptors make the body respond to D-dihydrotestosterone. In such a situation, when there is a change in the AR gene, the activity of androgen receptors in the hair follicles increases. Because of this, hair loss can start in men and women.

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